The youth of the country holds the key to the future of a global superpower.Central and State Governments implement various Skill Development Schemes.Our Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has envisioned India as the Skill Capital of the World and has urged every Indian to join and contribute to the Skill India Mission.
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship under the able leadership of Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy is steering the efforts of all the stakeholders in the skill development ecosystem towards the target of Skilling 400 million people by 2022.15 major skill development schemes that will make India the Skill Capital of the World.
PMKVY is a unique initiative of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship where it focuses on industry relevant training & certifications for Indian youth so that they can have better career opportunities. The implementation body for this scheme is NSDC.
It focuses on carrying skill development in India in three ways:
Out of many skill development schemes of Ministry of Rural Development, DDUGKY is a special placement linked scheme for poor rural youth. Implemented through accredited training providers, the scheme focuses on the placement of at least 75% of the youth.
It focuses on poverty alleviation of rural youth through its market-led placement initiative. It facilitates training of following types:
Implemented by Directorate General Training (DGT) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, SDIS aims at providing skill training to early school leavers & existing workers. The certifications provided under this scheme are nationally and internationally recognized.
More than 270 affiliated training partners of National Skill Development Corporation(NSDC) conduct short term skill development training at their 7000+ training centres.NSDC has the mandate of skilling 150 million people by 2022.
The focus is to provide affordable, job oriented training in courses that are fully aligned with National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) in 40 Sectors.
The Craftsman Training Scheme is implemented by Directorate General Training (DGT) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. With the help of State Governments & Union Territory Administrators, DGT is implementing vocational training at various ITIs.
It guides ITIs to provide training for a tenure of 6 months to 2 years (depending on industry needs) as per the courses aligned with National Council for Vocational Training. This training is for students who have completed their studies till class 8th to 12th (depending on the course).
Out of many skill development schemes,Seekno Aur Kamao is a special scheme for Minorities under which it runs courses as per Modular Employable Skills (MES) as per the guidelines of National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT).
Implemented by Ministry of Minorities affairs, the scheme focuses skilling and upskilling of youth from minorities so that that can earn their livelihood. The age of trainees should be between 14 to 35 years of age.
The scheme has been introduced to inculcate the vocational training & job-relevant skills in school children. The Central Government & State governments are working in collaboration for the implementation of the scheme.
The scheme is implemented across various government schools for class 9th to 12th students. In order to provide industry relevant skills & standardisation of skill development schemes, the course & learning material has been aligned to National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF).
As the name suggests, Scheme of Community Development through Polytechnics carries out skill development training for the youth in a particular community especially rural masses and slums dwellers who have not been able to get exposure to quality education.
With the aim of bridging the gap between the talent pool available in Jammu and Kashmir and Corporate India and to bring the talented youth of J&K to the mainstream through their skill development, the Government, under the Special Industry Initiative (SII) has started a scheme named Udaan. The scheme is funded by Ministry of Home Affairs and implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
Implemented by Ministry of Rural Development, Himayat is a scheme specially designed for the youth of Jammu & Kashmir and is aimed at skilling 1 lakh youth in 5 years with at least 75% placement.It is initiated by the Ministry of Rural Development.
This scheme is implemented at the state level for carrying out short term courses for skill development and upskilling of the youth. It aims at the placement of at least placement of 50% trained workforce. Each state calls in EOI for the selection of Training partners at their own level.
This scheme is aimed at skill development and placement of youth at state level itself.
NATS came into existence with the initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development, India. A scheme in which an on the job training for a duration of 1 year is given to the apprentice with the concept of ‘Earning while learning’.
Aiming at technical skilling & certification of people with on the job training module. The applicant student should have a diploma in engineering or graduation in engineering or A + 2 vocational qualification.
A National Urban Livelihood Mission initiative, EST&P is designed for urban poor. Considering the fact that huge rural population is moving to urban areas, this scheme is being implemented to skill urban poor.
The focus & objective of EST&P remains concentrated on skilling of urban poor so that they can meet their livelihood.
Self-Employment Program or SEP is an initiative under National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) implemented by State Urban Livelihood Mission (SULM).
A tremendous initiative by National Backward Classes Finance & Development Corporation, SDS aims at creating an ecosystem for people below the poverty line & backward classes by skilling on a large scale in the form of target groups.